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WHO'S WHO - 02 - G - K

PUBLISHED BY: SURENDER KUMAR
DECEMBER 20, 2012

   
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GADDAFI, MUAMMAR (b. 1942)

Libyan military dictator; assumed power in a coup in 1969 and became the Pre­sident in 1977.  Ousted by the rebels in a revolution in 2011.

 

GALBRAITH, JOHN KENNETH

American economist, diplomat and writer. Ambassador to India, 1961-3. The Affluent Society, The Great Crash

 

GANDHI, INDIRA (1917-'84)

Pt. Nehru’s daughter. India's first woman prime minis­ter (1966-77, 1980-84). Assassinated by her security guards. Her son Rajiv Gandhi was PM during 1984-89. Bharat Ratna, 1971.

 

GANDHI, MOHANDAS KARAMCHAND (MA­HATMA) (1869-1948)

Father of the Indian nation, and one of the greatest personalities of the 20th century. From 1893 to 1914, he lived in South Africa opposing discrimination against Indians. Returned in 1915, dominated the Congress party. He led India to a non-violet, peaceful independence without lifting a weapon. Lived a simple life devoted to truth, non-violence and Hindu- Muslim unity. Assassinated by Nathu Ram Godse. The Story of My Experiments with Truth.

 

GANDHI, RAJIV (1944-'91)

Grandson of Jawaharlal Nehru; a commercial pilot-turned-politician; Indian Prime Minister from 1984 to 1989. Was assassinated in Perumbudur at a pre-election rally by LTTE militants . Bharat Ratna in 1991.

 

GANDHI, SONIA (b. 1946)

Congress Presi­dent, Chairperson, UPA. Born Italian but naturalized in India. Elected to Lok Sabha in 1999, 2004, 2006 and 2009. The party's surprise victory in 2004 made her Leader of the Congress-led UPA but she declined the offer.

 

GARIBALDI, GIUSEPPE (1807-'82)

Italian general and patriot, who, with Mazzini and Cavour, created a unified Italy.

 

GAULLE, CHARLES DE (1890-1970)

French general and statesman; first president of the Fifth Republic, 1958-69.

 

GENGHIS KHAN (1162-1227)

The Mongol conqueror who overran greater parts of Asia and founded the Mongolian empire.

 

GHALI, BOUTROS-BOUTROS (b. 1922)

Egyp­tian politician and the first African UN Secre­tary General 1992-'96.

 

GIRI, VARAHAGIRI VENKATA (1894-1980)

Third Vice-President and fourth President of In­dia. Veteran trade unionist. Bharat Ratna in 1975.

 

GOKHALE, GOPAL KRISHNA (1866-1915)

The Indian statesman whom Gandhiji regarded his political guru. Founded the Servants of India Society. Known as the greatest parliamentarian in pre-Independence India.

 

GORBACHEV, MIKHAIL (b. 1931)

The Soviet leader credited with the political transformation in Eastern Europe in '89. Started the policies of 'glasnost’ (openness) and 'perestroika’ (economic re-structuring). The Soviet Union finally broke up and Gorbachev resigned ('91). Awarded the No­bel Prize for Peace in 1990.

 

GUEVARA, CHE (1928-'67)

Latin American revolutionary who participated in the Cuban guerrilla war and was a minister in Cuba during 1959-65.

 

GUJRAL, INDER KUMAR (1919-2012)

Prime Minister of India from April, 1997 to November, 1997 and caretaker PM until March 1998. Union Cabinet Minister from '67 to '76 and '89-90, Minister of External Af­fairs and Ambassador to the erstwhile USSR. Author of the Gujral Doctrine.


HAMMARSKJOLD, DAG (1905-'61)

Swed­ish diplomat. First Secretary-General of United Nations, 1953-61. Killed in an air crash. Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, 1961.

 

HAVEL, VACLAV (b.1936)

Dramatist and poet who later became the President of the then Czechoslovakia (1989) and Presi­dent of the Czech Republic. Recipient of the Gandhi Peace Prize.

 

HEDGEWAR, K BALASAHEB (1889-1940)

Founder of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, a precursor to Jansangh and the BJP.

 

HIDAYATULLAH, MOHAMMED (1905-'92)

Jurist, Chief Justice and later Vice-President of India during 1979-84.

 

HIROHITO (1901-89)

124th Emperor of Japan (1926). Renounced his divinity in 1946.

 

HITLER, ADOLF (1889-1945)

German dictator and one of the worst genocidal rulers who practiced a policy of racial segregation against the Jews. Reich Chancellor in 1933 and Fuhrer in 1934; All his opponents were persecuted and murdered, mostly in concentration camps.

 

HO CHI MINH (1890- 1969)

Vietnam­ese revolutionary leader; first President of North Vietnam. 

 

HUSSAIN, DR. ZAKIR (1897-1969)

Second Vice-President and third President of India ('67-'69). Nationalist, educationist. Bharat Ratna recipient.

 

HUME, A O (1829-1912)

British civil servant who worked in India. Founded the In­dian National Congress in 1885. Great supporter of the Indian feedom movement.

 

IVAN THE TERRIBLE (1530-'84)

Crowned the first Tzar of Russia in 1547; an auto­cratic ruler.

 

JEFFERSON, THOMAS (1743-1826)

Third American president (1801-9), authored The American Declaration of Independence.

 

JINNAH, MOHAMMED ALI (1876-1948)

Pakistani statesman, presi­dent of the Muslim League. First Gov­ernor-General of the Dominion of Pakistan, 1947.

 

KAMARAJ, K (1903-75)

Leader of the Indian national movement; President of Indian National Congress in 1963; was earlier Chief Minister, Tamil Nadu (1954-63). Bharat Ratna.

 

KANISHKA

The greatest ruler of the Kushan dynasty, with his capital at Purushapura or Peshwar. Pa­tronised Buddhism and held the Buddhist Council, wherein the principles of Mahayna Buddhism were finalized.

 

KARAT, PRAKASH (b. 1948)

General Sec­retary of CPI (M) elected in 2005. Wife Brinda Karat, first woman polit­buro member.

 

KAUNDA, KENNETH (b. 1924)

Architect of Zambian independence and its first president (1964-91).

 

KENNEDY, JOHN F (1917-'63)

35th U.S. President (1961-3). Youngest to be elected so. A visionary and cour­ageous man. Assassinated while watching a play in a theatre.

 

KHALJI, ALAUDDIN (1255-1316)

Delhi ruler who assumed power by murdering his father-in-law Jalaluddin Khilji. Able and ruthless, gained vast treasure by conquests.

 

KHAN, KHAN ABDUL GHAFFAR (1890-1988)

The 'Frontier Gandhi' worked among the Pathans of North West Frontier Province. Built the Khudai Khidmatgar (Servants of God) movement; opposed the partition of In­dia. First non-Indian to get the Bharat Ratna in 1987.

 

KHAN, LIAQUAT ALL (1895-1951)

Muslim League leader (1946) and first pre­mier of Pakistan (1947).

 

KHAN, MOHAMMED AYUB (1907-'74)

Military leader and President of Pakistan, 1958-69.

 

KHRUSHCHEV, NIKITA (1894- 1971)

The Russian statesman who was the leader of the Soviet Union soon after Stalin’s death.

 

KISSINGER, HENRY (b. 1923)

American foreign policy expert, Secretary of State (1973-6). Known for his 'shuttle diploma­cy'. Shared Nobel Peace Prize in 1973.

 

KOHL, HELMUT (b. 1930)

The first Chancellor of unified Germany in 1990. Chancellor of West Germany from 1982-90.

 

KRIPALANI, J B ACHARYA (1882-1982)

Freedom fighter, parliamentarian, close associate of Mahatma Gandhi, President of Indian National Congress in 1946. Started the Kisan Mazdoor Par­ty and Praja Socialist Party. His wife Sucheta Kriplani (1908-74) was a freedom fighter and first woman Chief Minister of independent India (UP) during 1963-67.

 

KRISHAN KANT (1927-2002)

Vice-President of India (1997- 2002). Gandhian and freedom fighter.

 

KUBLAI KHAN (1216-'94)

The first Mongol emperor of China. Extended the Mongol em­pire by conquests and lived a life of extreme luxury.

 



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