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WHO'S WHO - 01- A - F

PUBLISHED BY: SURENDER KUMAR
DECEMBER 19, 2012

   
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ABDULLAH, SHEIKH (1906-'82)

Political leader and founder of National Conference. Chief Minister of Jammu & Kashmir.

 

ABU BAKR (573-634)

Muslim leader, first caliph, chosen successor to Mohammed.

 

ADULYADEJ, BHUMIBOL (B. 1927)

King of Thailand since 1946. World's longest rul­ing monarch.

 

ADVANI, LAL KISHINCHAND (B.1927)

BJP's Parliamentary Party chairman. Deputy Prime Min­ister from 2002- 2004. Minister for Information, '77- '79. Home Minister, 1998-2002. BJP President until 1998, and again in 2005.

 

AHMED, FAKHRUDDIN ALI (1905-'77)

Free­dom fighter. Union Minister from 1966. Fifth President of Indian Republic (1974- 77).

 

AKBAR, JALAL-UD-DIN MOHAMMED (1542- 1605)

Mughal emperor, a k a Akbar the Great, who ex­tended the imperial power over much of India. Promoted commerce and learning, known for religious tolerance, secularist outlook and promotion of arts.

 

ALEXANDER THE GREAT (356-323 B.C.)

 Greek conqueror; king of Macedonia; conquered south-west Asia and Egypt; founded Alexandria; penetrated India; died on the way back at Babylon.

 

ALI, ARUNA ASAF (1909-96)

Indian free­dom fighter, ran the Congress Radio during Freedom Movement; A devoted radical socialist. Awarded Bharat Ratna in '97.

 

AMBEDKAR, BHIMRAO DR. (1891- 1956)

Indian jurist, social worker, politi­cian, writer, educationist. Messiah of the 'untouchables' and strong crusader for social justice. Drafted the Indian Constitu­tion. Law Minister in Nehru's cabinet. Awarded Bharat Ratna in 1990.

 

AMIN, IDI (1925-2003)

President of Ugan­da (1971-79). Harsh African dictator. Was overthrown.

 

AMRIT KAUR, RAJKUMARI (1887-1964)

Indi­an freedom fighter who later became the Health Minister in the Nehru Cabinet.

 

ANNADURAI, C.N. (1909-'69)

Most popular Chief Minister (1967) of Tamil Nadu, and eminent writer in Tamil. Formed Dravida Munnetra Kazhakam.

 

ANSARI, MOHAMMAD HAMID (B.1937)

Vice President of India since August, 2007. Scholar-diplomat-writer. Formerly Chairman of National Commission for Minorities, Ambasador

 

ANTONIUS MARCUS (83- 30 B.C.)

 Roman politician and general; Fell in love with Cleopatra; com­mitted suicide.

 

ARAFAT, YASSER (1929-2004)

Pal­estinian President until death. Leader of PLO from 1968; Shared Nobel Peace Prize in '94.

 

ASHOKA (3rd Century B.C.)

Emperor of India. After winning the Kalinga battle (261 B.C.), he gave up war and embraced Buddhism.

 

ATATURK, KAMAL (1881-1938)

Builder of modern Turkey and a fine soldier, President of  Turkey.

 

ATTLEE, CLEMENT (1883-1967)

Prime Minister of Britain during 1945- 51. During his tenure, India achieved independence.

 

AUGUSTUS, CAIUS (63 B.C- .­A.D. 14)

First Roman emperor.

 

AURANGAZEB (1618-1707)

Mughal em­peror of India; Peak of the empire, but he estranged Hindus and Sikhs. Known for religious intolerance.

 

AZAD, ABUL KALAM (1888-1958)

Indian freedom-fighter and nationalist; first Education Minister of free India. Bharat Ratna, 1992.

 

AZAD, CHANDRA SHEKHAR (1906-'31)

In­dian revolutionary; Involved in the Assembly bomb incident, Delhi conspiracy and Lahore conspiracy.

 

BABAR, ZAHIRUD-DIN MOHAMMED (1483- 1530)

Founder of the Mughal dynasty which ruled northern India for nearly three centuries.

 

ZAFAR, BAHADUR SHAH  (1775-1862)

The last king of Mughal empire and a great poet. Led the 1857 revolt and was deported to Rangoon by the British.

 

BHANDARANAIKE, SOLOMON (1899-1959)

PM of Ceylon from 1956 until assassina­tion. His widow Sirimavo (1916-2000) be­came world's first woman PM, 1960. In 1994, his daughter Chandrika Kumaratunga became the President and Sirimavo the PM of Sri Lanka.

 

BANERJEE, SURENDRANATH (1848-1952)

One of the first Indians to qualify the ICS examination. Was the president of Indian National Congress twice.

 

BANNERJEE, WOMESH CHANDRA (1844-1906)

First President of Indian Nati­onal Congress, Barbie, Klaus (1913-91): Nazi leader, 'the Butcher of Lyon'. Responsible for 4000 deaths 7500 deportations.

 

BASU, JYOTI (1914- 2010)

Veteran communist leader. CM of West Ben­gal for a record five consecutive terms until Nov. 2000. Longest serving CM of a state.

 

BHUTTO, ZULFIKAR ALL (1928-'79)

Prime Minister of Pakistan, ousted in 1977 by Gen. Zia-ul Haq whose gov­ernment executed him.

 

BENAZIR BHUTTO (1953-2007)

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto’s daughter be­came Prime Minis­ter in 1988 - the first woman to head a modern Islamic state. Ousted in 1990 and killed later in bomb attack.

 

BIMBISARA (544 - 493 BC)

Ruler of Magadha, which he expanded. Built city Rajagriha. Patron to Mahavira and the Buddha.

 

BISMARCK (1815-'98)

German statesman, chief architect of the German empire, known as 'the man of blood and iron'.

 

BOLIVAR, SIMON (1783-1830)

 South Amer­ican revolutionist, called the Liberator. He founded Grand Colombia (now Venezu­ela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador).

 

BORDOLOI, GOPINATH (1890-1950)

One of the makers of modern Assam. Education­ist. CM of Assam twice before Indepen­dence. Conferred with Bharat Ratna in 1999.

 

BOSE, NETAJI SUBHAS CHANDRA (1897-1945)

Revolutionary leader of Indian freedom struggle. Formed the Indian National Army in 1943 to fight the British with Japanese help. Reportedly killed in an air crash. His death is still shrouded in mystery.

 

BRANDT, WILLY (1913-'92)

First Social Democratic chancellor of the Federal Re­public of Germany, 1969-74. Nobel Prize, 1971.

 

BREZHNEV, LEONID (1906-'82)

Soviet President (1977); succeeded Khrushchev as First Secretary of the Communist Party, (1964-82).

 

BRUNDTLAND, GRO HARLEM (B.1939)

Nor­way's first woman PM. She was PM in '81, '86, & '90. Active environmental­ist and Former Director General, WHO.

 

BRUTUS, MARCUS (85-42 B.C.)

Roman senator famed as a conspir­ator against Julius Caesar.

 

BURKE, EDMUND (1729-'97)

British parliamentarian, political philosopher; and orator.

 

CAESAR, JULIUS (101-44 B.C.)

 A great Roman general. Invaded Britain (55 B.C.), defeated Pompey whom he pursued to Egypt, where he established Cleopatra as queen. At Rome he became dictator, and his reforms include the Julian calendar. Murdered.

 

CAMA, BHIKAJI (1861-1936)

Born in Bom­bay, she moved to Europe where she met Dadabhai Naoroji and others. Her Paris home served as head­quarters for Indian rebels. Imprisoned for revolutionary activi­ties, she returned to India in 1935.

 

CASTRO, FIDEL (B. 1927)

Cuban revolution­ary and political leader. In 1959, he over­threw a police state. In power for the longest period.

 

CHANAKYA ( a k a KAUTILYA, 4TH CENTURY B.C)

Author of Artha Shastra, an authentic book on statecraft. Prime Minister to Chandragupta Maurya.

 

CHANDRASHEKHAR (1927-2007)

a k a Young Turk, Indian poli­tician, parliamentarian, socialist. Presi­dent, Socialist Janata Party from 1977. Prime Minister, Nov. '90 to June '91.

 

CHARLES, PHILIP  (B. 1948)

Prince of Wales, eldest son of Qn. Elizabeth II; married Diana Spen­cer ('81) divorced ('96). Charles mar­ried Camilla Parker Bowles in 2005.

 

CHURCHILL, SIR WINSTON (1874-1965)

Brit­ish statesman, soldier and author. Prime Minister and Minister of Defe­nce 1940-45; Prime Minister, 1951-55. Nobel Prize for Lit­erature.

 

CICERO, MARCUS (106-43 B.C.)

Roman ora­tor, statesman, ex­ecuted by Antony.

 

CLEOPATRA (69-30 B.C.)

Egyptian queen. Became joint ruler with brother Ptolemy XII, at 17; was wife of Julius Cae­sar and later mistress of Mark Antony, Committed suicide.

 

CLINTON, WILLIAM JEFFERSON (B. 1946)

 42nd U.S. President (Jan. '93). Re-elected in Nov. '96. His wife Hillary Clinton is the US Sec­retary of State in the current Obama administration.

 

CORNWALLIS, LORD (1738-1805)

Governor General of India, 1786. Laid the foun­dation of the Indian Civil Service.

 

CUELLAR, JAVIER PEREZ DE (B.1920)

Peru­vian diplomat. UN Secretary General, 1982-91.

 

DALAI LAMA (B. 1935) (a k a TENZING GYATSO)

Spiritual leader of Tibet who came to India after Tibetan uprising, and established a government-in-exile at Dharamshala in Himachal Pradesh, India in 1959. Nobel Peace Prize in 1989.

 

DANGE, S A (1899-1994)

Leader of Communist Party of India, par­liamentarian.

 

DESAI, BHULABHAI (1877-1946)

Indian national leader who defended the Bardoli peasants before the Broomfield Committee. Founded Swadeshi Sabha to boycott for­eign goods.

 

DESAI, MAHADEV (1892-1942)

Freedom fighter and personal secretary to Ma­hatma Gandhi. Edited Independent and Navjivan.

 

DESAI, MORARJI RANCHODJI (1896-1995)

Indian politician, Prime Minister from Mar. '77 to July '79. Staunch Gandhian. Chief Minister of Bombay (1952-56). Union Minister (1956-63). Deputy PM. & Finance Minister (1967-69). Bharat Ratna.

 

DESCARTES, RENE (1596-1650)

 French mathematician, pioneer of modern phil­osophy and co-ordinate geometry.

 

DEVE GOWDA, HARDANAHALLI DODDE­GOWDA (B. 1933)

Janata Dal leader. India's PM June 1996 -1997. Formerly CM of Karnataka.

 

DIANA, PRINCESS OF WALES (1961-'97)

Born Diana Spen­cer, married Prince Charles of Britain (1981), divorced (1996). Mother of Prince William and Prince Henry. Killed in a car crash.

 

 

DUPLEIX, JOSEPH (1697-1763)

French Governor in India.

 

EISENHOWER, GEN. DWIGHT (1890-1969)

American general and statesman. He was commander -in-Chief of Allied Forces in N. Africa 1942-3, and in the European theatre of opera­tions, 1943-5; Republican Presi­dent, 1953-61.

 

FAZAL, ABUL (1561-1602)

Prime Minister of Akbar, a great scholar who was one of Akbar's navratnas. Wrote Ain-i-­Akbari and Akbarnama.

 

 

 



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