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INT ORG - UNO AND ITS CONSTITUENT AGENCIES - 02

PUBLISHED BY: SURENDER KUMAR
OCTOBER 25, 2012

   
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 INT ORG - UNO AND ITS CONSTITUENT AGENCIES - 02

UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION

The United Nations Organization (UNO) came into being on 24th October, 1945. It is an international association of all those nations which have pledged to maintain international peace and security and co-operate in solving international political, economic, social and humanitarian problems.

 

 

 

 

The membership is open to all peace-loving nations which accept the Charter and are ready to follow it. Such requests for new membership are approved by the General Assembly, its principal policy-making body. Taiwan, Switzerland, and Vatican are not members of the UNO.

 

 

 

 

 

UNO HEADQUARTERS

New York City

 

 

 

 

OFFICIAL LANGUAGES

Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish

 

 

 

 

UNO FLAG

It contains the UN emblem in white centered on a light blue background.

 

 

 

 

 

PERMANENT MEMBERS OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL  (P-5)

China, France, Russia, The UK, The USA

 

 

 

 

PRINCIPAL ORGANS OF THE UNO

Six in number.

 

 

General Assembly

The General Assembly is a major organ of the UN and its main policy-making body. The Assembly meets at least once a year and elects the non-permanent members of the Security Council.

 

 

 

The Secretariat

 

 

 

 

The Security Council

The Security Council has 15 members, out of which there are 5 Permanent Members (P-5) and the rest 10 are Non-Permanent Members, elected for a 2-year term. The permanent members have the power to veto any resolution of the Security Council. The Security Council is the major policy-making body of the UN. New members are admitted by the General Assembly on the recommendations of the Security Council.

 

 

 

The Trusteeship Council

Meant to oversee the transition of newly-independent countries to a democratic system.

 

 

 

The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)

 

 

 

International Court of Justice 

Based in The Hague in Netherlands, it is meant for adjudication of international disputes.

 

 

 



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