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POPULAR LATEST TERMS

PUBLISHED BY: SURENDER KUMAR
OCTOBER 25, 2012

   
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 POPULAR LATEST TERMS

                                                                                     LATEST TERMINOLOGY

 

CONTINENTALL DRIFT

Scientists and geographers have believed for long that million of years ago, the continents --- Antarctica, India and Africa formed one single land mass called Panagea. The theory, given by Wagner, has now been firmly proved with the discovery of fossils of hippopotamus in all these places.

 

L.S.D.

Lysergic Acid Diethylamide is a drug producing many symptoms of schizophrenia. It causes strange, false sensations. A popular, highly addictive street drug.

 

PULSARS (Pulsating Stars)

The remnants of stellar explosions. They emit radio energy pulsating at regular intervals. Around 40 of them have been located so far out of an estimated 16,000 lying in the plane of our galaxy.

 

SEA OF TRANQUILITY

The site where the human foot was set for the first time by Neil Armstrong. Apollo-XI launched by the USA had landed there in July, 1969.

 

GREEN REVOLUTION

The term implies the steep growth in the output of farm produce, witnessed from the mid-sixties. The Green Revolution was initiated in India under the guidance of Dr. Norman Borlaug of the USA, who later got the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts in reducing hunger globally.

 

The Green Revolution was made possible by

 

A. More and better use of fertilizers                                    B. Intensive cultivation

C. Hybrid seed varieties                                                          D. Pesticides and insecticides and

E. Assured means of irrigation

 

It has boosted farm output significantly, leading to self-sufficiency foodgrain output. The Green Revolution in India has had two major drawbacks,

 

1. Confined to foodgrains only. There has been no such revolution in pulses or edible oils, which are being imported even now.

2. It has been confined to north India only.

 

LEAD BANK SCHEME

The Gadgil Group, 1969 had recommended that the nationalized banks be asked to take charge of the complete development activity of backward areas. Each bank was to be attached with a certain backward region of a district and it was to be the bank’s responsibility to look after their development. The bank was to undertake a techno-economic survey to take over all the financial and developmental needs.

 

YOUNG TURKS

Radical elements in a political party who support sweeping reforms to bring about faster development. The term was applied first to the group led by Kamaal Ataturk of Turkey.

 

OMBUDSMAN

A duly constituted legal authority to redress public grievances in a defined arena e.g. banking, insurance, press.

 

ACID RAIN

The name given to rain or sleet contaminated with acid. Its acidity is greater than the normal limit of carbon dioxide dissolved in the rain to give carbonic acid. The acidity is caused by larger concentrations of several contaminants, especially strong acids, nitric and suphuric which arise from effluents containing oxides of nitrogen and sulphur.

 

BIOLOGICAL WARFARE

Using bacteria, viruses, fungi or other biological agents as a means of warfare. They spread distress, incapacity, disease and death in the affected region among its people or livestock. However, the Biological Weapons Convention ratified by Britain, the USA and the erstwhile USSR, has banned germs warfare. Iraq, it was feared, could have uses these weapons during the 1991 Gulf War.

 

GENETIC ENGINEERING

The name given to the techniques which introduce human choice and design into the construction and combinations of genes. It involves biochemical alteration of the DNA present in cells. Many scientists regard this to be fraught with enormous consequences like nuclear power.

 




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