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SOME IMPORTANT POLITICAL TERMS

PUBLISHED BY: SURENDER KUMAR
OCTOBER 25, 2012

   
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SOME IMPORTANT POLITICAL TERMS

 

ADJOURNMENT, PROROUGING AND DISSOLUTION

Adjournment is the suspension of a session for a day, a few days or indefinitely at the Speaker's discretion. Proroguing means the ending of a session, which is at the discretion of the President or the Governor. A dissolution means the end of the life of a legislature at discretion of the President or the Governor..

 

 

 

 

ADJOURNMENT MOTION

A motion moved by a member in a legislature on a matter of urgent public importance or interest.

 

 

 

 

APPRPORIATION BILL

A Bill  containing demands-for-grants, voted by Lok Sabha, along with the expenditures taken from the Consolidated Fund of India. 

 

 

 

 

BICAMERAL SYSTEM

The form of legislature which has two Chambers or Houses. For instance, Union Parliament, British Legislature and UP and Bihar State Legislatures.

 

 

 

 

BY-ELECTION

It is an election to a seat in a local body or a legislature rendered vacant due to resignation or death or disqualification of the sitting candidate.

 

 

 

 

CENTRIST PARTIES

Are those parties which adopt a position which is a via media between the leftist and the rightist political ideologies.

 

 

 

 

COALITION

An alliance of political parties for a special purpose, especially government formation.

 

 

 

 

CUT MOTION

A motion moved to have a cut in the Annual Budget. If an insignificant cut is proposed, such a motion is known as a token cut-motion. It has great political significance because if it is carried through in the Parliament, the government is under a moral obligation to resign.

 

 

 

 

COLD WAR

Visible peace between two powerful countries or blocs, but malice against each other through press, radio, etc. 

 

 

 

 

CHARGE D' AFFAIRES

An official in a diplomatic mission or an embassy who acts for an ambassador in his absence.

 

 

 

 

CONSUL

A commercial representative abroad is known as a consul.

 

 

 

 

COUP D' ETAT

A political action resulting in the change of Government, generally initiated by military personnel. A sudden change of Government brought about by force. It is different from a revolution, which involves the participation of the masses.

 

 

 

 

FILIBUSTER

Is a person who, to block the passage of a bill in Parliament, makes a long speech just before the voting is going to take place. The person and the speech, both are referred to as filibuster. This term has British origins.

 

 

 

 

GUILLOTINE

A motion is said to be guillotined if it is passed without any discussion on it in parliament in view of urgency of the issue under question.

 

 

 

 

 

LAMEDUCK GOVERNMENT
Is the one which has lost the motion of no-confidence in the Lok Sabha and does not have the constitutional authority to run the government. Still, on being asked by the President, such a government has to continue until alternative arrangements are made. Such a government is referred to as a lameduck government.

 

 

 

 

LEFT PARTIES
Are those that have adopted a radical political thinking or ideology. For instance the CPI, CPI (M) and RSP.

 

 

 

 

LEADER OF THE OPPOSITION
A statutory recognition has been given to the leader of the opposition in Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha by an enactment in 1977. It entitles him / her to salaries and certain facilities befitting a minister of Cabinet rank. Currently, Sushma Swaraj is the Leader of Opposition In Parliament. The first-ever such position was held by Y V Chavan.

 

 

 

 

ORDINANCE

It is an act issued by the Head of a State in case of emergency without the regular procedure of the legislature. It can not remain in force beyond a specified period e.g. six months in India.

 

 

 

 

NO-CONFIDENCE MOTION
A resolution introduced by the opposition claiming that the House has lost its confidence in the Government.

 

 

 

 

PRO TEM SPEAKER

When a legislative house is summoned for the first time after elections, the house appoints a member of the house as the Speaker Pro Tem (normally the senior most member) so that he can discharge the necessary functions, including the swearing-in of new members, until a Speaker is appointed later.

 

   

 

 

QUORUM

The minimum number of members of a legislature that must be present to make the proceedings valid. Equal to the one-tenth of the total number of members including the Speaker.

 

 

 

 

QUESTION HOUR
The first hour of every sitting in both houses i.e. 11.00 A.M. to 12.00 A.M. is the question hour.

 

 

 

 

 

REFERENDUM
A process by which all important laws and constitutional amendments are put to a vote of the electorate. Such a provision exists in Switzerland.

 

 

 

 

RIGHT PARTIES

Are those parties which a politically conservative ideology e.g. the BJP, Shiv Sena etc.

 

 

 

 

REPUBLIC

A State, especially a democratic one, which has a non-hereditary head (King or Queen),

 

 

 

 

STARRED QUESTIONS

Are those the answers to which are given orally by the Minister concerned in Parliament.

 

 

 

 

TOKEN CUT

The amount of demand-for-grants be reduced by a small amount. The most common goal is to raise a grievance for which the Government is responsible. (Cut motion is a device to start discussion on demands for grants moved generally by the opposition. It has a symbolic value).

 

 

 

 

UNSTARRED QUESTIONS

The answers to which are given in writing in Parliament by the Minister concerned.

 

 

 

 

VETO

The constitutional or legal right to reject or prohibit something.

 


 

 

VOTE - ON - ACCOUNT

Is passed without discussions pending final approval by the Parliament, if money is required urgently.

 
 

 

WHIP

Is a person who regulates the presence and conduct of the members of a particular political party in Parliament. He is supposed to ensure their presence and voting on particular days and in a particular manner. Before voting on any matter in Parliament, an order is issued by the whip to all party MPs. Such an order is also known as a whip. Under the provisions of the Anti-Defection Law, violating a party whip can invite disqualification from Parliament.

 

 

 

ZERO HOUR

The period during which any matter of urgent public importance can be raised without any notice to the house. 



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