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IMPORTANT SCHEDULES TO THE CONSTITUTION

PUBLISHED BY: SURENDER KUMAR
OCTOBER 25, 2012

   
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IMPORTANT SCHEDULES TO THE CONSTITUTION

 

When the Constitution was originally passed, it had 395 articles and 8 schedules. As on date, it contains 443 articles and 12 schedules. Some significant schedules are

 

7TH SCHEDULE - THE LEGISLATIVE LISTS
1. The Union List: Legislative subjects over which the Union Parliament exercises exclusive jurisdiction e.g. Communications, Railways, Defence, Currency etc. Contains 97 subjects till date.

 

 

2. The State List: Legislative subjects over which the states enjoy the exclusive power of law-making e.g. public health, sanitation, octroi duty.  Contains 66 subjects till date.

 

 

3. The Concurrent List: Over which both the Parliament and the Assembles enjoy equal power of legislation e.g. marriage laws, arbitration, tourism, education etc. Contains 47 subjects till date.

 

 

The residuary power of legislation (subjects left out of these lists) in India belongs to the Parliament.

 

 

 

 

8TH SCHEDULE 

Contains 22 Official Languages in all. The latest four entrants on the list are Bodo, Maithili, Dogri, and Santali.

 

 

 

 

9TH SCHEDULE 

Contains those provisions over which the Courts do not enjoy any power of judicial review e.g. Land Reform Laws. Such laws cannot be challenged in any Court.

 

 

 

 

10TH SCHEDULE 

The Anti-Defection Law is included in the 10th schedule. It contains provisions for disqualifying MPs / MLAs who change their parties after getting elected to the House. However, it makes an important exception. If at least one-third members of a party leave a party and join another one, this is counted as a split and does not attract the disqualification provisions. The decision of the speaker of the House is final regarding disqualification with a final appeal to the Supreme Court.

 

 

 

 

11TH SCHEDULE 

It provides for village panchayats as units of local self-government and regular elections to them, every 5 years. For this purpose, it also envisages a State Election Commission and a State Finance Commission in each state. The three-tier system comprising village-level panchayats, block-level samitis and district-level Zila-Parishads was recommended by the Balwant Rai Mehta Committee

 

 

 

12TH SCHEDULE 

It contains provisions regarding urban local bodies (municipalities etc.).                



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