The Constitution–makers, realizing the less-developed socio-economic status of the Scheduled Castes and Tribes, provided certain concessions so as to bring them on par with other people and enable them to join the national mainstream. Two specific provisions guarantee this, namely
Reserves 15 percent seats to the Scheduled Castes and 7.5 percent seats for the Scheduled Tribes in the Parliament and State Legislative Houses. This reservation has recently been extended by another 10 years. The 109th Constitutional Amendment Act has extended such reservation of seats for SC/ST and nomination of Anglo-Indians in the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies by 10 years till 2020.
Provides reservations to the Scheduled Castes / Scheduled Castes (15 and 7.5 percent respectively) in jobs under the Union of India and the States.