There is a Union Public Service Commission to conduct examinations for appointment to Union posts, advise on any matters referred to it by the President, transfers / promotions and other service matters. The number of the UPSC members is decided by the President.
The Commission members hold office for 6 years from the date of appointment. Sufficient provisions have been made to guard the independence of the UPSC. For example, a UPSC member can be removed by the President only on the report of the Supreme Court which will enquire into the case. The UPSC presents an annual report to the government on its functioning, which is tabled in Parliament. Please note that the work of the Commission is purely advisory and the government may decline the recommendations for appointments made by it, for which it has to give reasons.
In each state, there is a State Public Service Commission, appointments to which are made by the Governor concerned. A Joint Commission may also be constituted by the President on the states’ request.