Our Constitution provides for a federal set-up and contains provisions for the administration of the Union and the State governments. The procedure for the governance of the States is equally applicable to all, except Jammu and Kashmir.
The State Governor is largely parallel to the President in his role in the legislative and executive process. The Governor, appointed by the President holds office at the President’s pleasure. He enjoys the formal executive authority in a state. Any Indian Citizen above 35 years is eligible for Governorship, but he must not hold any office of profit, nor he be a member of the Union or a State Legislature. The powers of appointment to the State Council of Ministers, the Advocate-General, recommending Money Bills etc. enjoyed by the Governor are largely analogous to those held by the President at the Centre.
The normal office term of a Governor is 5 years, terminable earlier by resignation to the President or dismissal by the President.
The Governor gets a salary of "र" 110000 only per month plus an official residence free of cost and other allowances and privileges as per law.
Some states are unicameral i.e. have got only the State Legislative Assembly. In some others, apart from it, there is a State Legislative Council e.g. Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir. The Legislative Council is largely parallel to the Rajya Sabha while the State Legislative Assembly is the equivalent of the Lok Sabha.