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THE TERRITORY OF THE UNION

PUBLISHED BY: SURENDER KUMAR
OCTOBER 25, 2012

   
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 THE TERRITORY OF THE UNION

 

The territory of India includes the entire geographical space over which the sovereignty (complete power) of India, for the time being, prevails. On the contrary, the Union of India includes only those component units, i.e. the states which share power with the Centre. The Union Territories are centrally administered areas governed by the President acting through an Administrator appointed by him. As on date, the territory of India consists of 32 states, 6 Union Territories and a National Capital Territory of Delhi.

 

 

 

The States Reorganization Act, 1956 reorganized the boundaries of different states to meet local and linguistic demands. Interestingly, the Union Parliament can

 

 

 

1. form a new state     

 

 

2. increase the area of any state  

 

 

3. diminish the area of any state    

 

 

4. alter the boundaries of any state

 

 

5. or alter the name of any state (Art. 4)   

 

by passing a resolution in both Houses of Parliament. Using this provision, several landmark changes have been introduced in the composition of the Indian territory, some of which are found below

 

 

 

       ACT / LEGISLATION                                 CHANGE /  ES INTRODUCED

 

The States Reorganization Act,
1956

Andhra, Kerala formed

 

 

The Bombay Reorganization Act, 1960  


 Gujarat, Maharashtra born as new states

 

The Panjab State  Reorganization Act, 1966                      

Panjab and Haryana created 

 

The Mysore State Act, 1973

The name Mysore changed to Karnataka

The State of Mizoram Act, 1986             

 Mizoram, earlier a UT, made a State

 

The State of Arunachal Pradesh Act, 1986                  

Arunachal Pradesh elevated to statehood

The Goa, Daman and Diu Reorganization Act, 1987           

Goa made a state

 

The MP Reorganization Act, 2000

A separate state of Chattisgarh created

 

Uttar Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2000

The hill state of Uttrakhand created

 

The Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000

Jharkhand carved out

 




 
 
 



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