81 Tests, 2019 Articles
and counting ...

RIP: Murray, Father of Organ Transplant, Passes Away

PUBLISHED BY: SURENDER KUMAR
NOVEMBER 27, 2012

   
  submit to reddit   Delicious   Digg   LinkedIn  

 

 

Dr Joseph E Murray, the man who conducted the world's first successful kidney transplant and won a Nobel Prize, has died at age 93. Since the first kidney transplants on identical twins, lakhs of transplants on a variety of organs have been performed globally.

 

 

Murray shared the Nobel for Medicine in 1990 with Dr E Donnall Thomas, who won it for bone marrow transplants. In the early 1950s, there had been no successful human organ transplant. Murray developed new surgical techniques by successfully transplanting kidneys in dogs. In December 1954, he found the right human patients, Richard Herrick, who had end-stage kidney failure, and his identical twin, Ronald Herrick.

 

 

 

Due to their identical gene pool, they had faced no rejection of foreign tissue. But it was the immune-suppressant drugs that led to real progress in transplants. In 1962, Murray and his team successfully conducted the first organ transplant from an unrelated donor. The 23-year-old patient, Mel Doucette, received a kidney from a man who had died.

 




ARCHIVES -- CURRENT AFFAIRS

Tell Us About gkmine.com

We Listen ...


Fortnightly Contest


... WIN Exciting Prizes ...

item-pointer Coming Soon ...

... Previous Winners ...