India is the worst performer among BRICS nations in all HDI categories except life expectancy, which is lower in South Africa due to the AIDS epidemic. India's ranking in the Human Development Index (HDI) is unchanged at 135 in 2013, reflecting no improvement in people's living standards, says a UNDP report.
India’s HDI value for 2013 is 0.586, which falls in the medium human development category, placing the country at 135th rank among 187 countries. Between 1980 and 2013, India’s HDI value rose from 0.369 to 0.586. No BRICS country is ranked high enough in the human development category and worryingly, India remains at the bottom with the lowest HDI value among them. Among them, Russia ranks well at 57, followed by Brazil at 79 and China at 91. South Africa and India rank in the middle catgory, securing 118th and 135th positions respectively.
The HDI reflects long-term progress in terms of long and healthy life, access to knowledge and a decent living standard. In 2013, the study covered 187 countries, the same as in 2012 and 2011. About India’s progress on HDI indicators, the report notes a rise in life expectancy at birth by 11 years and in mean schooling by 2.5 years.
Gender Inequality Index
On the Gender Inequality Index, based on reproductive health, empowerment and economic activity, India ranks 127 out of 152 countrie in the 2013 index. In India, 10.9 % of parliamentary seats are held by women, and 26.6 % of adult women have reached at least some secondary education compared to 50.4 % males. Female work participation is 28.8 % compared to 80.9% for men. On Multi-dimensional Poverty Index (MPI), which identifies multiple deprivations in the household in education, health and living, 55.3 % Indian population are multi-dimensionally poor while an additional 18.2 % are near this level, says the report.