A significant chunk of farmers in India are ready to quit farming on account of poor returns, if they get jobs in urban areas, says a study conducted recenty by the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS). The Report on the State of Indian Farmer reveals some alarming facts --- 47 % farmers believe that their overall condition is bad and 75% prefer some other work.
The CSDS study had surveyed 11,000 farmers in 274 villages spread across 18 States. The survey tried to capture the opinions, perceptions, anxieties and aspirations of the farmers. 61% farmers would leave farming if they get city-based jobs. Their biggest worry is the future of the next generation and not surprisingly, 60% of them wanted their children to migrate to a city. Education, health and employment are some major responsibilities that worry Indian farmers.
About 70% farmers faced crop damage or failure at least once in three years. About 58% among them blame both the Centre and the State Governments for their woes. Only 20 % youth in rural areas are interested in continuing farming. Shockingly, 62 per cent farmers did not know of the Minimum Support Prices (MSP). Interestingly, 73% farmers were ignorant about the new land acquisition law. Most of those surveyed felt that only rich farmers were benefited by government schemes.