The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), the body supervising the destruction of Syrian chemical stockpile, has been honoured with the Nobel Peace Prize 2013. Experts from the Hague-based agency, supported by the UN, aim to help destroy Syria's production facilities by November 1. Under a Russian-US deal, Syria's entire chemicals arms programme is due to be eliminated by mid-2014. Experts believe that Syria has roughly 1,000 tonnes of Sarin, Mustard and VX Nerve Gas, with some of it stored as bulk raw chemicals and some of it already loaded onto missiles, warheads or rockets.
The OPCW has defined the use of chemical weapons as prohibited under international law. Recent events in Syria, where chemical weapons were used, have underlined the need to enhance the efforts to eliminate such weapons. By means of this award to the OPCW, the Nobel Committee seeks to contribute to the elimination of chemical weapons.