M. Karunanidhi's DMK has pulled out of the UPA-II coalition in protest against its stance on a United Nations resolution on the bloody end to Sri Lanka’s war with Tamil Tigers. The party has 18 seats in the Lok Sabha and 5 ministers in the Cabinet. Though the UPA coalition is already in a minority, Mayawati's and Mualyam Singh Yadav's external support is enough to prevent its collapse.
The DMK wanted the government to accuse Sri Lanka of "genocide," and also seek an international inquiry into war crimes. The party also wanted a similar motion passed by the Parliament before the UN vote on Sri Lanka in Geneva.
Though India is likely to vote against Sri Lanka in Geneva and seek probe into the alleged mass killings of ethnic Tamil civilians, it is not likely to back the use of the term "genocide" and may use "atrocities" instead. India is concerned that such a strongly worded resolution will anger Sri Lanka and push it deeper into China's arms. The US resolution at the UNHRC meeting in Geneva does not call for an international probe into war crimes by the Sri Lankan forces in the final phase of the civil war with Tamil Tigers. An estimated 40,000 people were killed in the final phase of the civil war though the rights groups put the death toll even higher. On its part, Sri Lanka has denied its forces killing civilians during the civil strife.