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MAJOR HISTORICAL EVENTS - IN A NUTSHELL

PUBLISHED BY: SURENDER KUMAR
FEBRUARY 05, 2013

   
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 MAJOR HISTORICAL EVENTS - IN A NUTSHELL

2500-1800 BC - Indus Valley civilization period

 

599 BC - Mahavira, 24th Jain Tirthankara,  born; Nirvana in 523 BC

 

563 BC - Birth of Gautam Buddha in Kapilvastu; Mahaparinirvana in 483 B.C.

 

327-26 BC - Alexander invades India, 326 BC - Alexander defeated Poras in the Battle of Hydaspas; Land route between India and Europe opens

 

269-232 BC - Ashoka's reign

 

261 BC - Battle of Kalinga; Ashoka won the Kalinga War

 

230 BC - Satvahana dynasty founded in the West; Pandyan empire in the South

 

57 BC  - Beginning of the Vikrama era

 

78 AD - Saka era 

 

319 AD – Start of the Gupta era

 

380-413 - Chandragupta Vikramaditya’s reign, age of Kalidasa, renewal of Hinduism

 

606-647 - Harshavardhana rules over North India from Thanesar

 

629-645  - Hieun Tsang, Chinese scholar of Buddhism, comes to India to study the Mahayana Buddhism

 

622 - Beginning of the Hijri era

 

712 - Arab invasion of Sind by Mohammed bin Qasim

 

1001-27 - Repeated attacks on India by Mehmud of Ghazni

 

1025 - Plunder of Somnath temple by Mehmud of Ghazni

 

1191 - First Battle of Tarain, Prithviraj Chauhan defeated Mohammed Ghauri

 

1192 - Second Battle of Tarain, Mohammedd Ghori defeated and captured Prithviraj Chauhan

 

1206  - Qutubuddin Aibak founded the Slave dynasty in India

 

1290 -  Jalaluddin Khilji established the Khilji dynasty

 

1290 - Marco Polo visited India

 

1320 - Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq founded the Tughlaq dynasty

 

1333-  Ibn -i- Batuta, Moroccon traveller, visited India

 

1336- Brothers Harihar and Bukka founded the Vijaynagar empire in the South

 

1347 - Bahmani kingdom founded

 

1398 - Timur invaded India

 

1451 - Lodi dynasty assumed power in Delhi Sultanate

 

1469  - Birth of Guru Nanak Dev in Talwandi (Pakistan)

 

1498 - Vasco da Gama landed in Calicut

 

1510 - The Portuguese captured Goa - Albuquerque made Governor of the Portguese possessions

 

1526 - First Battle of Panipat - Babar defeated Ibrahim Lodhi and established the Mughal dynasty

 

1556 - Second battle of Panipat - Akbar defeated Hemu

 

1565 - Battle of Talikota - Vijaynagar empire defeated, ruined

 

1571 - Foundation of Fatehpur Sikri by Akbar

 

1576 - Battle of Haldighati- Akbar defeated Maharana Pratap

 

1582 - Akbar started new a religious sect Din-i-llahi

 

1600 - The English East India Co established 

 

1604 - The Adi Granth compiled

 

1605 - Death of Akbar

 

1611 - The English built a factory at Masulipatnam

 

1627 - Shivaji born

 

1631 - Death of Shah Jahan's wife Mumtaz Mahal;  Taj Mahal built

 

1658 - Aurangzeb became the Emperor of Delhi

 

1666 -  Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th Sikh Guru, born in Patliputra

 

1699 - Guru Gobind Singh created the 'Khalsa'

 

1707 - Aurangzeb dies; Mughal empire starts disintegrating 

 

1739 - Nadir Shah invaded India; Takes away the peacock throne and the Kohinoor Diamond

 

1757 - Battle of Plassey – The British defeated Siraj-ud- daula, Nawab of Bengal

 

1760 - Battle of Wandiwash - End of the French power in India

 

1761 - Third Battle of Panipat - Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas

 

1764 - Battle of Buxar - The British defeated the trio of Nawab Mir Qasim of Bengal, Nawab Shuja-ud-daula of Awadh and Mughal emperor Shah Alam; Decks cleared for sole supremacy of the British in India

 

1793 - Permanent Settlement in Bengal

 

1799 - 4thAnglo-Carnatic War, Tipu Sultan dies in Seringpatnam; Maharaja Ranjit Singh occupies Lahore and makes it his capital

 

1817-19 - The  Marathas finally crushed

 

1828 - Lord William Bentick becomes Governor General; Era marked by big bang social reforms; Prohibition of Sati Act passed, Thugee abolished in 1830

 

1835 - English introduced as a medium of instruction on Macaulay's recommendations

 

1853 - First Indian railway line starts from Bombay to Thane; Doctrine of Lpase enunciated by Lord Dalhousie

 

1857-58 - First War of Indian Independence

 

1858 - India comes under the British Crown; East India Company's rule ends

 

1861 - Birth of Rabindra Nath Tagore

 

1869 - M.K. Gandhi born in Porbandar

 

1885 - Indian National Congress founded on December 27 in Bombay with the blessings of AO Hume, a retired British ICS officer

 

1905 - Partition of Bengal announced by Lord Curzon; Swadeshi or Boycott of Foreign Goods Movement starts

 

1906 - All India Muslim League created in Dacca

 

1909 - Minto-Morley Reforms

 

1911 - Delhi durbar held; Partition of Bengal revoked; capital shifted from Calcutta to New Delhi

 

1914 - World War I starts

 

1918 - World War I ends

 

1919 - Rowlatt Act or Black Law enacted; Jallianwala Bagh massacre; Montague- Chelmsford reforms announced

 

1920 - Non-cooperation Movement starts

 

1921 - Moplliah rebellion in Malabar; Prince of Wales visits India

 

1922 - Chauri-Chaura (Gorakhpur) incident leads to sudden withdrawal of Non Cooperation Movement

 

1923 - Congress Swaraj Party formed

 

1927 - Simon Commission appointed

 

1928 - Simon Commission visits India; Lala Lajpat Rai dies due to police lathicharge during anti-Simon protests

 

1929 - Congress demands 'Poorna Swaraj' at Lahore session held on the banks of the river Ravi

 

1930 - January 26 celebrated as the first Independence Day across India, Dandi Salt Satyagraha begins in Dandi, Gujarat; First Round Table conference

 

1931 - Gandhi-lrwin Pact, Second Round Table Conference

 

1932-  Third Round Table Conference, McDonald Award or Communal Award, Poona Pact

 

1935 - Government of India Act

 

1937 - Provincial Autonomy dawns; Congress ministries formed in 8 out of 11 provinces

 

1939 - Congress ministries resign, World War II begins

 

1942 - Cripps Mission Plan, Quit India Movement or August Revolution starts, Indian National Army founded by Subhash Bose in Singapore

 

1945 - Shimla conference held; Failure of Wavell Plan, Indian National Army trials at Red Fort, Delhi

 

1946 - Cabinet Mission Plan, Interim Government headed by JL Nehru formed, Direct Action Resolution by Muslim League

 

1947 - Mountbatten Plan or 3rd June Plan which proposes the partition of India. India divided. Pakistan created on 14th August; India achieves freedom, Jawahar Lal Nehru becomes the 1st Prime Minister of independent India

 

1948 - Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi by Nathuram Godse on January 30 in Birla Mandir, New Delhi

 

1950 - India becomes a Republic on January 26, 1950

 

1951 – 1st First Five Year Plan starts

 

1952  - First General Elections held in India

 

1953 - Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary conquer The Mount Everest on May 29

 

1954 - Panchsheel charter between India and China

 

1956 - Life insurance industry nationalized; States Reorganization Act comes into force; Andhra first state to be carved out of the Madras Presidency on a linguistic basis

 

1957 -  2nd General Elections

 

1958 - Metric system of weights and measures introduced

 

1959 - Dalai Lama exiled from Tibet; takes political asylum in India

 

1961-  Liberation of Goa from the Portguese

 

1962 - China attacks India on October 20

 

1964 – Pt. J L Nehru passes away; Lal Bahadur Shastri becomes Prime Minister

 

1965 -  India-Pakstan war

 

1966 - Tashkent Agreement between India and the erstwhile USSR signed; Death of Lal Bahadur Shastri; Indira Gandhi became Prime Minister

 

1967 - Dr. Zakir Hussain elected President

 

1968-  Hargovind Khurana shares the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology

 

1969 - V. V. Giri elected President; 14 leading banks nationalized; Indian National Congress splits

 

1970 - Privy Purses payable to Indian rulers abolished

 

1971 - India-Pakistan War, East Pakistan liberated after Pak forces surrender, Bangladesh is born

 

1972 - Shimla Agreement signed between India and Pakistsn

 

1973 – S H FJ Manekshaw named India's first Field Marshal

 

1974 – India goes nuclear with its first nuclear explosion at Pokhran 

 

1975- Indian satellite 'Aryabhatta' launched; Emergency declared; Major opposition leaders jailed; Censorship imposed on newspapers

 

1977 - Mrs. Indira Gandhi defeated; Morarji Desai takes over as Prime Minister of the first non-Congress government at the Centre; Emergency revoked

 

1979 - Charan Singh becomes the Prime Minister; Mother Teresa wins the Nobel Peace Prize

 

1980 - Indira Gandhi back to power with thumping majority

 

1981 - India launches APPLE 

 

1982 - Zail Singh sworn in as President; Indian scientific expedition headed by Dr. S. Z. Qasim reaches the Antarctica; INSAT1 A launched; 9th Asian Games begin in New Delhi; Colour Television broadcasting debuts in India

 

1983 - Kalpakkam Atomic Energy plant goes critical; INSAT-1 B launched; Richard Attenborough's "Gandhi" wins 8 Oscars including the first one for an Indian costume designer Bhanu Athaiya

 

1984 - Wg Cmdr Rakesh Sharma becomes India's first spaceman; Bachendri Pal becomes the first Indian woman to scale the Everest; Operation Blue Star - Army storms the Golden Temple in Amritsar;  Indira Gandhi killed; Rajiv Gandhi becomes Prime Minister; Union Carbide Gas tragedy in Bhopal

 

1985 - Anti-Defection Bill passed

 

1986 - First documented Indian test-tube baby, Indira born at KEM Hospital, Bombay

 

1987 - Sunil Gavaskar becomes the first to get 10,000 runs in tests; Goa becomes the 25th state of India

 

1988 - Remote sensing satellite IRS 1-A launched from Russia; INSAT 1-C launched from French Guyana

 

1989 – Agni missile tested successfully; Foundation stone of Ram Janambhoomi temple in Ayodhya;  V.P. Singh becomes the Prime Minister

 

1990 - Mandal Commission recommendations implemented; V.P. Singh resigns; Chandrashekhar becomes Prime Minister

 

1991 - Rajiv Gandhi killed by a human suicide bomber at Seriperumbdur; P. V. Narsimha Rao becomes Prime Minister; India faces huge Balance of Payments crisis; Economic reforms begin under Finance Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh; Massive earthquake in Uttarkashi; Satyajit Ray gets special Lifetime Oscar Award

 

1992-  Prithvi missile test-fired; INSAT-2 A launched; Dr. Shanker Dayal Sharma becomes President; Babri Masjid demolished

 

 

 

1993 - Panchayati Raj implemented; INSAT-2 B launched; Disastrous earthquake in Latur, Maharashtra

 

1994 -  First heart transplant in the country by Dr. P Venugopal of AIIMS; PSLV D-2 launched

 

1995 - INSAT-2 C launched

 

1996 - Atal Bihari Vajpayee becomes Prime Minster but resigns after 13 days; H.D. Deve Gowda  becomes Prime Minister

 

1997 – Inder Kumar Gujral becomes Prime Minster; K. R. Narayanan sworn in as President; Mother Teresa passes away; Arundhati Roy wins Booker Prize; I. K. Gujral resigns

 

1998 - A. B. Vajpayee becomes Prime Minister; India conducts 5 nuclear tests under the code name Operation Buddha; Severe cyclone in Gujarat; Amartya Sen wins the Noble Prize for Economics 

 

1999 - P.M. Vajpayee arrives in Pakistan by Sada-i-Sarhad, the Delhi-Lahore bus; India successfully launches its first commercial telecom satellite INSAT-2 E;  Kargil war between India and Pakistan, Devastating cyclone hits Orissa and Andhra 

 

2000 - Dhanush missile successfully test-fired; Naval version of 'Prithvi' missile launched

 



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